Home News How to trade gold in 4 steps

How to trade gold in 4 steps

by SuperiorInvest

Whether bullish or bearish, the gold market offers high liquidity and excellent profit opportunities in almost all environments due to its unique position within the world’s economic and political systems. While many people choose to own the metal directly, they speculate through futuresequity a options markets offers incredible influence with measured risk.

Market participants often fail to take full advantage of gold price fluctuations because they have not learned the unique characteristics of the global gold markets and the hidden pitfalls that can steal profits. Moreover, not all of them investment instruments are created equally: Some gold tools are more likely to produce consistent the final result results than others.

Trading the yellow metal is not difficult to learn, but the activity requires unique skill sets goods. Newbies should tread lightly, but seasonedly investors they will benefit from incorporating these four strategic steps into their daily trading routines and experiment until the intricacies of these complex markets become second-hand.

Key things

  • If you want to start trading gold or add it to your long-term investment portfolio, we offer four easy steps to get started.
  • First, understand the fundamentals that drive the price of gold, get a long-term view of gold price action, and then grasp some market psychology.
  • Once everything is done, choose the best way to get gold – either directly in physical form or indirectly through futures or gold. exchange traded fund (ETF) or mutual fund.

1. What makes gold move?

As one of the oldest currency on the planet, gold has become deeply embedded in the psyche of the financial world. Almost everyone has an opinion on the yellow metal, but gold itself only reacts to a limited price catalysts. Each of these forces splits down the middle in a polarity that affects sentiment, volume, and trend intensity:

Market participants face increased risk if they trade gold in response to one of these polarities, when in reality it is another that dominates price action. For example, let’s say a sale hits the world financial marketand gold starts a strong rally. Many traders assume that fear is moving the yellow metal and jump in because they believe the emotional crowd will blindly drive the price higher. However, inflation may have actually triggered a stock market decline and pulled more technical a crowd that will sell aggressively against a gold rally.

In global markets, combinations of these forces are always at play, establishing long-term themes that follow equally long uptrends and downtrends. For example, Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) The economic stimulus that began in 2008 initially had little effect on gold as market participants focused on the high level of fear of an economic collapse in 2008. However, this quantitative easing fueled deflation, set up a market in gold and other commodity groups for the major reversal.

This turnaround did not occur immediately because a reflation the offer took place with depressed financial and commodity assets are spiraling back to historical averages. Gold eventually peaked and fell in 2011 after the reflation was completed and central banks intensified their policy of quantitative easing. The Cboe Volatility Index (VIX) at the same time they fell to lower levels, signaling that fear was no longer a significant market driver.

2. Understand the crowd

Gold attracts numerous crowds with diverse and often conflicting interests. Gold bugs stand on top of the pile and collect physical gold and allocating an outsized portion of family assets to gold stocks, options and futures. These are long-term players who rarely disappoint downward trends, who will eventually shake off the less ideological players. Furthermore, retail participants make up almost the entire population of gold bugs, with few funds devoted exclusively to the long side precious metal.

Gold bugs add enormous liquidity while maintaining a bottom under gold futures and stocks as they provide a continuous supply of buying interest at lower prices. It also serves the opposite purpose of providing effective input for short sellersespecially in emotional markets when one of the three primary forces polarizes in favor of strong buying pressure.

Moreover, gold is tremendously attractive security activity according to institutional investors who buy and sell in combination with currencies and bonds in bilateral strategies known as risk-on and risk-off. Funds create baskets of instruments that match growth (risk-on) and safety (risk-off), trade these combinations at lightning speed algorithms.

3. Read the long-term chart

Image by Sabrina Jiang © Investopedia 2020


Take the time to learn golden chart inside and out, starting with a long history that goes back at least 100 years. In addition to carving trends which persisted for decades, the metal also trickled down for an incredibly long time, denying the gold bugs profits. From a strategic perspective, this analysis identifies price levels which need to be watched if and when the yellow metal returns to test them.

The recent history of gold shows little movement until the 1970s, when after its removal Gold standard the dollar took off after a long time upward trendsupported by standing up inflation due to rocket growth Petroleum prices. After peaking at $2,420 an ounce in February 1980, it fell in the mid-1980s in response to restrictive Federal Reserve System Monetary Policy.

The subsequent downtrend lasted until the late 1990s, when gold entered a historic uptrend that culminated in February 2012 with a peak of $2,235 per ounce. Gold prices then began a steady decline that lasted several years and bottomed out around $1,330 in November 2015. traded sideways for several years before starting to rise again and breaking the $2,000 milestone again in 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic.

More recently, despite inflation jumping to elevated levels in 2022, the price of gold has been falling for most of the year, returning to lows around $1,630 in October. As inflation remains persistent despite the Fed’s attempts to rein in price increases and market participants fear recessionGold prices started to recover towards the end of 2022. As of January 2023, the metal is trading at over $1,900 per ounce.

4. Choose a venue

Liquidity follows gold trends, increasing when gold moves sharply higher or lower and decreasing during relatively calm periods. This oscillation affects futures markets to a greater extent than it is stock marketsdue to the much lower diameter participation rates. New products offered by Chicago’s CME group they have not improved this equation substantially in recent years.

CME offers three primary gold futures: the 100-oz contract50 oz mini contract and 10 oz micro contract that was added in October 2010. While micro contract volume was over 6.6 million in 2021, other contracts were not as widely traded, with volume over 26,000 for the mini and 1.2 million for the largest.

This low participation does not affect the long-term futures held for months, but it has a strong impact on the trade implementation in the short term positionenforcing higher costs slip.

SPDR Gold shares (GLD) shows the largest participation in all types of market environments, with exceptionally tight spreads that can go as low as one cent. Average daily volume in January 2023 it was 5.4 million shares per day and offered easy access at any time of the day. The Cboe The Gold ETF Volatility Index tracks options on GLD and offers another liquid alternative with active holdings spreads at low levels.

The VanEck Gold Miners ETF (GDX) outperforms a larger daily percentage move than GLD but carries higher risk because correlation with yellow metal can vary greatly from day to day. Major mining companies aggressively hedge against price fluctuations, reducing the impact point and futures prices, while operations may hold significant assets in other natural resources, including silver and iron.

What is the best way to invest in gold?

The best investment vehicle to gain exposure to gold depends on your specific goals. Investors can buy the precious metal directly in physical form, such as bullion or coins, although there may be costs associated with storing and insuring the physical gold. It is also possible to invest in gold through futures and options markets. Many investors are turning to mutual funds and exchange-traded funds (ETFs), such as SPDR Gold Shares (GLD). Finally, mining stocks offer another type of exposure to gold, although the correlation between mining stock prices and gold performance can vary.

What affects the price of gold?

While gold is known for holding its value over the long term, there are several factors that affect its short-term price performance. Supply and demand, as well as investor behavior, can impact the price of the metal. On the supply side, changes in mining companies’ production levels can affect how much gold is available on the market. In terms of demand, in addition to jewelry and technology use, purchases by central banks, which use gold as reserves, are a significant contributor. Investor demand for gold is also critical, and since the metal is used as a hedge against inflation and intertwined with the value of the dollar, these considerations also affect gold demand. Traders hoping to profit from price movements in the precious metals market should be aware of all of these factors.

What are gold futures and options?

A gold futures contract is a legally binding agreement to deliver the metal at an agreed price in the future. Meanwhile, a gold options contract provides the right—but not the obligation—to buy or sell the metal at a specific price before the contract’s expiration date. Compared to trading physical gold these derivatives they allow for higher leverage, which allows for higher returns from a smaller amount of invested capital. However, this also means increased risk. Due to the potential for significant losses, gold futures and options are best suited for experienced traders.

Bottom Line

Trade gold profitably in four steps. First, you’ll learn how the three polarities influence most gold buying and selling decisions. Second, get to know the diverse crowds that focus on gold trading, hedging and owning. Third, spend time analyzing long- and short gold charts with respect to key price levels that may come into play. Finally, choose your location hazardfocused on high liquidity and easy execution of trades.

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